If you hopped on the plant-based eating program because you thought it would help you lose weight (and research suggests that it does), you may be finding yourself struggling to make smart decisions when faced with the variety and types of packaged plant-based foods available.

It can be easy for plant-based newbies to stock up on carb-heavy, processed foods like cereals, desserts, candies, and more because they think it’s a healthier option. But just because a manufacturer has removed animal products or focused on plant-based ingredients doesn’t necessarily mean that it’s low in calories, fat, sugar, carbs or additives.

In fact, to make these foods palatable many companies, bakeries or manufacturers add a lot of fat, and not always from healthy sources of fat, says Jessica Cording, RD, a New York City-based nutritionist and author of The Little Book of Game Changers: “A lot of processed plant-based diet foods contain tons of salt and sugar in order to make it taste good.”

We’re wired to crave salt, fat, and sugar, so it can be easy to overeat those foods. Here, Cording walks us through some of the plant-based diet traps to avoid and why they aren’t doing your waistline—or health—any favors.

1. Veggie Chips

This is a broad and confusing category for many-plant based eaters. Sure, you didn’t think potato chips were a health food, but the other veggie-based crunchy snacks aren’t as clear-cut. There are mushroom chips (even ones that are supposed to taste like bacon), veggie straws, crunchy, pea-based snacks, and organic veggie chips.

“There's a big difference between ‘chips’ made from freeze-dried beets or carrots where the ingredients are just carrots or beets and something that has a lot of ingredients in the product,” says Cording. If you find dehydrated vegetable chips, those are literally just the vegetables, so you’re getting fiber and the different vitamins and minerals that are in that food, she says. “Those are a really good option. But a lot of vegetable-based chips are going to be low in fiber, high in sodium, and not much protein to speak of. That's something to be aware of,” Cording says.

2. Popped Rice Chips

“When my clients send photos of what they’re eating during the day to ask questions, I’ve noticed a lot of offices seem to stock up on things like popped chips, rice crisps or rice chips, and things that are organic or gluten-free,” says Cording. “Again, many of these are often low in fiber and protein. So someone ends up eating more because they are trying to get full, but they’re just filling themselves with carbs.” Cording says she prefers roasted chickpea snacks because they contain more fiber and protein while providing that satisfying crunch many of us are hunting for in a snack.

3. Faux Meat Burgers

One of the many reasons you may have decided to go plant-based could be for your heart health by reducing saturated fat intake, particularly from animal fats. But you shouldn’t put a health halo on meatless fast-food burgers – they’re still a processed food and fairly high in saturated fats, often coming in at nearly 30% to 40% of one’s recommended daily value. This doesn’t mean you shouldn’t eat them, but like regular burgers make sure to do so in moderation for a balanced, healthy diet.

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3. Vegan Baked Goods

Just because something says it’s vegan, dairy-free or gluten-free doesn’t mean it’s a healthy food. Cording says she sees these treats often at farmer’s markets and people might think they’re eating something healthier because of the ingredients it doesn’t have, but they still often contain a lot of sugar, fat, and can be high in calories. Even if it’s a plant-based brownie or cake topped with vegan sprinkles, it’s still a dessert and should be enjoyed sparingly. “Have whatever you’re going to be most satisfied with,” Cording suggests.

4. Sweets and Candies

If you searched PETA’s website for vegan snacks, you might be delighted to find a list of some fun munchies and treats that you could eat if you were following that plant-based diet.  And while it’s fine to indulge occasionally, don’t tell yourself that Fruit by the Foot and Sour Patch Kids count towards your fruit servings for the day. Or, that if you’re eating an organic or vegan candy it’s good for you. These foods are still processed, packed with sugar, and may contain additives if they aren’t organic.

5. Plant-Based Jerky

You might pack a vegan jerky stick for your next road trip or hike, but you still need to read the labels and figure out how that snack fits into the rest of your daily intake. “I love the taste of mushroom jerky,” says Cording. “But many of them – including a brand I like – have a lot of sugar. Look at the label and try to keep it under five grams of added sugar in a serving.” Too much added sugar in the diet has been linked to weight gain, increased triglycerides, increased risk of heart disease, as well as tooth decay.

6. Beware of Out-of-Control Portions

No matter what you’re eating it’s important to make sure your portions are appropriate. “One mistake I see a lot of people making without realizing it, is having portions of carbs that are higher than they need, in particular when dining out,” says Cording. Plenty of restaurants offer things like a grain salad with lentils, black beans, rice or quinoa and a huge helping of nuts on top,” says Cording. Yes, these are plant-based foods, but the portions might be too large for what you need and consuming excess food no matter how healthy it can lead to weight gain. Cording also cautions plant-based eaters to portion out high-calorie foods like nuts into smaller containers, since it’s easy to overeat them and take in more calories than you planned to if you’re eating them straight from the bag.

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